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Tuesday March 11, 2014 04:45:09 AM
|Dept. of Administration / Office of Geographic and Demographic Analysis|
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Indicator 1 7 : Life expectancy
Goal: Minnesotans will be healthy. This goal encompasses both physical and mental health throughout life. It is also aimed at reducing disparities in health status among racial and ethnic minorities. Indicators for the goal deal with both health status and health care.
Rationale: Life expectancy is used worldwide as a broad snapshot of human health.Expected years of life remaining at birth
Data source: National Center for Health Statistics and State Demographic Center at Minnesota PlanningExpected years of life remaining at age 65
Data source: National Center for Health Statistics and State Demographic Center at Minnesota Planning
About this indicator: Since 1980, the life expectancy for Minnesota newborns has increased by almost three years and for 65-year-olds by 1.4 years. Life expectancy takes into account all causes of death at any point after birth.
Minnesota women have a longer life expectancy at birth than men, but the gap narrowed from 7.3 years in 1980 to 5.0 years in 2000. At age 65 the gap is smaller at 3.4 years.
Minnesota's long life expectancy is not shared equally by all racial and ethnic groups. In 1990, the life expectancy of Blacks/African Americans and American Indians fell far short of life expectancy for Whites. In 2001, the Minnesota Legislature allocated $13.9 million for a statewide health disparities initiative.
Data for life expectancy is calculated periodically from population and mortality rates.
For comparison: In 1995, the U.S. average life expectancy was 75.8 years at birth (compared to 78 in Minnesota) and 17.4 years at age 65 (compared to 18.2 in Minnesota). By 1999, the national figures increased slightly to 76.7 and 17.7, respectively. Minnesota data is not available for 1999.
Things to think about: In 1999, accidents (primarily motor vehicle) were the leading cause of death for Minnesotans under age 34. Between ages 15 and 34, the second leading cause of death was suicide. From ages 35 to 74, the largest number of deaths were from cancer. After the age of 75, heart disease was the leading cause of death.
Technical notes: Population rates are collected by the Census, which takes place every ten years; mortality data is released annually.
Other related indicators:
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