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Indicator 4 9 : Counties losing population

Goal: Rural areas, small cities and urban neighborhoods throughout the state will be economically viable places for people to live and work. Minnesotans value their freedom to choose where to live. Minnesotans in communities throughout the state also want their youth to be able to make a living without moving away. The indicators for this goal deal with economic and transportation issues that affect the viability of urban and rural communities.

Rationale: This indicator shows areas in Minnesota that are having trouble retaining and attracting residents.

About this indicator: The number of Minnesota counties losing population declined during most of the 1990s. Based on annual estimates, 25 to 35 Minnesota counties lost population in most years during the 1990s. According to the 2000 Census, 25 of 87 counties lost population during the decade as a whole. Strong economic growth during the 1990s minimized population losses for many Minnesota counties, and attracted new residents to others. Fewer counties lost population in the 1990s than in the 1980s.

Minnesota's population rose 12 percent between 1990 and 2000. Scott County had the highest population growth rate at 54 percent. Koochiching had the greatest decrease at 13 percent. Some of Koochiching's population loss can be attributed to the departure of construction workers temporarily residing in the county in 1990 that were counted in the 1990 census. The other 24 counties that lost population were all in the southern and western areas of the state. Many agricultural counties in other Great Plains states also lost population during the 1990s.

For comparison: Other than Wisconsin, Minnesota's neighboring states had numerous counties lose population during the 1990s. In North Dakota, 47 out of 53 counties lost population. Thirty-two of South Dakota's 66 counties lost population. Forty-five out of 99 counties lost population in Iowa. Only one county in Wisconsin out of 72 lost population during the 1990s.

Things to think about: Rapid population growth is not necessary for a community to be economically healthy, but population loss can create problems. Once population loss starts, it is often hard to reverse. It is difficult to attract and retain residents (other than retirees) without job growth, but with a shrinking labor force it is difficult to attract new jobs.

Technical notes: The large number of counties that went from population loss between 1998 and 1999, to population growth between 1999 and 2000, suggests that 1999 population estimates may have been too low. U.S. Census Bureau estimates of county population were used instead of population estimates from the Minnesota State Demographic Center, since Census Bureau estimates are used throughout Minnesota Milestones 2002.

Sources:

  • U.S. Bureau of the Census, Decennial Census (1980, 1990, 2000) and U.S Bureau of the Census estimates for the other years, www.census.gov

Related data trends:

Related indicators:

Other related indicators:

  • Population estimates for cities and townships (State Demographic Center at Minnesota Planning, www.mnplan.state.mn.us)

Technical problems? Contact: demography.helpline@state.mn.us